Centaurus: The CentaurPronunciation: sen-TOR-us
|Centaurus Constellation Profile|
|Abbreviation: Cen||Genitive: Centauri|
|Origin: Ancient||Location: Southern Hemisphere|
|Best View (North): Spring||Best View (South):|
|Bordering Constellations: Hydra, Antlia, Vela, Carina, Musca, Crux, Circinus, Lupus, Libra|
The Myth Behind the Constellation CentaurusCentaurus, “The Centaur”, is one of two centaurs in the night sky, the other being Sagittarius. Centaurs are half-man, half-horse beasts known for being ill behaved. In some Greek myths, Centaurus is Chiron, an extremely wise and intelligent being. He was a renowned tutor, and he instructed the likes of Hercules, Achilles, Jason, Theseus and Asclepius (see Ophiuchus) from his cave on Mount Pelion. He taught archery, hunting, medicine, music and prophecy. He was accidently shot in the knee with one of Hercules’ Hydra poisoned arrows during an attack while the two were paying a visit to the centaur Pholous. The pain from the poison was excruciating and unending, and being immortal he could not die. Zeus agreed to transfer Chiron’s immortality to Prometheus so he could die and be released from the agony. When he passed, Zeus placed him amongst the stars.
Centaurus Constellation Points of InterestInteresting stars and objects.
Bright Stars in CentaurusThese are the stars in Centaurus with a minimum magnitude of 3.0.
|Rigel Kent||Alpha Centauri||-0.27||Yellow-White||1.8 suns||4.36 ly|
|Hadar||Beta Centauri||0.61||Blue-White||79,999 suns||525 ly|
|Menkent||Theta Centauri||2.06||Orange||73 suns||61 ly|
|Muhlifain||Gamma Centauri||2.20||White||95 suns||130 ly|
|Epsilon Centauri||Epsilon Centauri||2.29||Blue-White||4,362 suns||376 ly|
|Eta Centauri||Eta Centauri||2.33||Blue||2,492 suns||308 ly|
|Alnair||Zeta Centauri||2.55||Blue-White||3,817 suns||384 ly|
|Delta Centauri||Delta Centauri||2.58||Blue-White||2,511 suns||395 ly|
|Iota Centauri||Iota Centauri||2.75||White||25 suns||59 ly|